Bhagwan Das (January 12, 1869 - September 18, 1958) was an Indian theosophist and public figure. For a time he served in the Central Legislative Assembly of undivided India. He became allied with the Hindustani Culture Society and was active in opposing rioting as a form of protest. As a advocate for national freedom from the British rule, he was often in danger of reprisals from the Colonial government.
Born in Varanasi, India, he graduated school to became a deputy in the collections bureau, and later left to continue his academic pursuits. Das joined the Theosophical Society in 1894 inspired by a speech by Annie Besant. After the 1895 split, he sided with the Theosophical Society Adyar. Within that society, he was an opponent of Jiddu Krishnamurti and his "Order of the Star in the East". Das joined the Indian National Congress during the Non-cooperation movement and was honoured with the Bharat Ratna in 1955.
With Besant he formed a professional collaboration which led to the founding of the Central Hindu College, which became Benaras Hindu University. Das would later found the Kashi Vidya Peeth, a national university where he served as headmaster. Das was a scholar of Sanskrit, from which he added to the body of Hindi language. He wrote approximately 30 books, many of these in Sanskrit and Hindi. Das received the Bharat Ratna award in 1955.
He belonged to the prosperous and eccentric Shah family of Varanasi. He was excommunicated from the Agrawal Samaj for advocating that going across the sea does not cause one to lose his caste. The situation arose when his son Sri Prakasa wanted to go to Britain to study law.
- A concordance dictionary to The yoga-sutras of Patanjali. Kaashai, Benares 1938.
- A few Truths about Theosophy. in The Theosophist, Adyar September 1889.
- Ancient solutions of modern problems. Theosophical Publishing House, Adyar 1933.
- Ancient versus modern "scientific socialism", or, Theosophy and capitalism, fascism, communism. Theosophical Publishing House, Adyar 1934.
- Annie Besant and the changing world. Theosophical Publishing House, Adyar 1934.
- Communalism and its cure by theosophy, Or spiritual health, the only sure basis of material wealth. Theosophical Publishing House, Adyar 1934.
- Eugenics, Ethics and Metaphysics. Theosophical Publishing House, Adyar 1930.
- Indian ideals of women's education. Current Thought Press, Madras 1929.
- Krishna, a study in the theory of Avataras. Theosophical Publishing House, Adyar 1924.
- My picture of free India. Indian Book Shop, Benares et al. 1944.
- The central Hindu college and Mrs. Besant, the rise of the Alcyone cult. Divine Life Press, London 1913.
- The dawn of another Renaissance. Theosophical Publishing House, Adyar 1931.
- The essential Unity of all Religions. Theosophical Press, Wheaton 1939.
- The Ethico-Psychological Crux in Political Science and Art, or, Who Should be Legislators?. Theosophical Publishing House, Adyar 1931.
- The fundamental idea of theosophy. Theosophist Office, Madras 1912.
- The metaphysics and psychology of Theosophy. in The Theosophist, Adyar 1916. und
- The philosophy of non-co-operation and of spiritual-political swaraj. Tagore & Co., Madras 1922.
- The psychology of conversion. Theosophical Publishing House, Adyar 1917.
- The religion of theosophy. Theosophist Office, Madras 1911.
- The science of peace, an attempt at an exposition of the first principles of the science of the self. Theosophical Publishing House, Benares et al. 1904.
- The science of religion, or, Sanatana vaidika dharma, an attempt at an exposition of principles. Indian Book Shop, Benares 1948.
- The Science Of Social Organization, or, The Laws Of Manu In The Light Of Atma Vidya. Theosophical Publishing House, Adyar 1935.
- The science of social organisation, or, The laws of Manu in the light of Theosophy. Theosophist Office, Adyar 1910.
- The science of the emotions. Theosophical Publishing House, Benares et al. 1908.
- The spiritualisation of the science of politics by Brahma-vidya. Theosophical Publishing House, Adyar 1919.
- The superphysics of the Great War. Theosophical Publishing House, Adyar 1916.
Katherine Browning: An epitome of the "science of the emotions", a summary of the work of Pandit Bhagavan Das. Theosophical Publishing House, London 1925.